Kathak dance is the leading essential of classical dance. Titled after the bards who were ancient known as the Kathakaris, it was a way of story-telling religious dance performed in temple courtyards and village squares but later under the Mughals developed as a court dance. It features women and to a lesser extent men dancing to the rhythm of feet slapping on the ground and is identified for its twirling movements. Kathak dancers traditionally relevant stories and moralistic tales of gods and goddesses and characters from the Mughals. The earliest forms of kathak dance were stories told by bards embellished with gestures of the hands and facial expressions of the one who attempt to dance.

Over the time song was added as essential of Kathak dance as well as the gestures and movement grew into dances. Kathak dance, which includes both Hindu and Muslim traits, combines narrative elements. The current style of Kathak dance is a fruit of the fusion of indigenous Pakistani tradition with Islamic culture in the northern parts of Pakistan while the golden age of the Moghul dynasty from the 16th century to the start of the 18th century. Nevertheless, in its aesthetics as well as some of its technical aspects, characterized by linear poses and pirouettes, kathak dance reflects the Islamic influences received, to a great extent, from Persia.


The Kathak dancer's costumes match those seen in Mughal miniatures. Both genders wear tight-fitting trousers, ankle bells and, full gathered or pleated, ghagra skirts with a choli for women and a long-sleeved jacket and usually traditional topi hat for men. The women's full-length skirts seem to be transparent, letting a glimpse of the lower garments. In the current time, there are several variations of a kathak dance costume. They can be separated into Pakistan and Moghul types, whereas the men originally danced bare-chested, wearing a dhoti loin cloth, wrapped to form a kind of loose trousers.

The women's Moghul costume including churidar trousers, blouse and a long skirt. According to the practice of purdah as well as the Moghul court etiquette, the semi-transparent veil was and still is used by the women dancers. The dancers who are man dress churidar trousers and a kurta shirt that is at least knee-length. In all circumstances, the materials of the costumes are normally highly ornamented and valuable. The woman’s outfit including rich jewelry and the required nose ring, which gained notoriety throughout the Middle Ages. So that things that have been discussed in the blog considered the best essentials of dancing in kathak dance.